The child or adolescent diagnosed with diabetes is, above all, a child who has a great potential for development and to whom all the necessary help must be given so that their evolutionary progress is affected as little as possible by their illness. diabetes in children is crucial.
To achieve this objective, the best possible integration is necessary for the different contexts in which it operates: individual, family, social and school. These must adapt to your medical and educational treatment needs.
Diabetes in school
Diabetes is one of the most frequent chronic diseases in the pediatric age, so there is a good chance that every teacher has a child or adolescent with diabetes in their class throughout their professional life.
There are aspects of the disease that should be known by teachers and educators to facilitate the school and social integration of children with diabetes in a safe environment. diabetes in children is crucial.
Through the parents, and the boy himself (according to age), the teaching team can learn the guidelines to follow in each case. Eventually, professionals in the healthcare team can offer information and support.
The child with diabetes is another student, who must follow the same school activities as his peers, whether intellectual, sports or play; his illness does not prevent it, it is only necessary to foresee and plan the activities that are programmed from the school.
For this, it is very important that the teaching staff have the minimum necessary knowledge about diabetes.
What is type 1 diabetes?
It is an increase in blood glucose levels ( glycemia ) due to a defect in insulin production. The beta cells of the pancreas are responsible for producing insulin; The failure in the production of this hormone is usually secondary to an autoimmune disorder. diabetes in children is crucial.
When there is a lack of insulin in the body, a series of alterations follow one another in chains, which can be summarized as follows:
There is an alteration in the metabolism of glucose that causes it to accumulate in the blood ( hyperglycemia ).
The lack of insulin means that the glucose circulating in the blood does not find a way to enter the interior of the cells.
The lack of entry of glucose into the cells makes them “hungry” because they lack their main source of energy.
The excess of glucose in the blood causes it to be lost in the urine ( glucosuria ) together with water and salts. The abundance of urine is called polyuria. diabetes in children is crucial.
By eliminating a large amount of water, more glucose, more salts in the urine, the body, to compensate for this loss, reacts at first with a great thirst ( polydipsia ).